A maritime barrister and principal of the Horseshoe Bay Marine Group (HBMG) in West Vancouver Canada, Joe Spears has a long-standing interest in all aspects of emergency response, regulatory ,law enforcement and governance and the growing impact climate change has on these issues in Canada, an arctic and ocean nation. Joe has acted for ad hoc civil agent for the Attorney General of Canada and has prosecuted federal offenses on behalf of the Public Prosecution Service of Canada. He has developed and delivered a national investigation course for Transport Canada Marine Safety and Security. A graduate of Dalhousie University, with a Masters from the London School of Economics, London, England in Sea-Law law, Economics and Policymaking, he has acted for various private sector organizations and government departments as a legal, policy and training advisor (including commercial interests and insurers). A certified mariner and pilot, Joe is a frequent lecturer, commentator and writer both domestically and internationally on these issues. He has blog postings that ShippingMatters at www.wavepointconsulting.ca. Joe has been writing for FrontLine since 2008.